Chapter 3 (b:4) : Communication Services:  Audio-visual


Improvements Implemented Since Last IAP

Current Entry Requirements

Further Improvements Planned


Operational Requirements






Operational requirements for radio and television broadcasting are determined by the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC).  For more information see




Licensing and Qualification Requirements of Service Providers





Service providers must meet the regulatory requirements established by the CRTC.   The government uses a variety of regulatory measures. For example, the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) issues licenses to create space for Canadian cultural content in the radio and television broadcasting system and monitors performance to regulate and supervise the country's broadcasting system.  The CRTC sets requirements to ensure that the Canadian broadcasting system will carry Canadian cultural content.  These rules apply to the radio and television programming services that broadcast programs and to the distribution systems, (over-the-air television, cable television, direct-to-home (DTH) satellite, and MDS systems) that deliver broadcast services to the home. More information is available from the website of the CRTC (


Film and video distribution and exhibition is subject to provincial regulatory and licensing requirements. 




Foreign Entry





Canada has not undertaken commitments in the GATS for these services.  Canada reserves its right to adopt or maintain measures related to audio-visual services.




Discriminatory Treatment/






Canada has listed MFN exemptions under the GATS which provide for differential treatment of works of persons of countries with which Canada or Quebec may have co-production agreements or arrangements, as well as of natural persons engaged in such co-productions.