Individual Action Plan Update for Russia for 2010


Highlights of recent policy developments which indicate how Russia is progressing towards the Bogor Goals and key challenges it faces in its efforts to meet the Goals.

 

Russia has been continuously upgrading its foreign economic policy towards higher degree of liberalization and transparency. This has mainly been done by means of modification of the legal framework and enhancement of law enforcement. The main trade and investment related changes introduced to the Russian legislation in September 2009 – September 2010 are described below. In some cases important modifications introduced in previous years and not reflected in prior versions of Russia’s IAP were also included.

The major effort on the Russian side in terms of trade liberalization in 2010 was the creation of the Customs Union between Russia, Kazakhstan and Belarus. Although the fist half of the year passed in preparing for the entrance into force of the agreement and after that there still are certain technical problems with the day-to-day functioning of the Union, it still presents a milestone in liberalizing trade on the post-Soviet space. Creation of the Customs Union brings Russia into the next level of trade liberalization and creates a bridge between the APEC economies and the CIS space.

 

IAP Chapter (and Sub-Chapter and Section Heading, if any) Note 1

Improvements made since  2009 IAP Note 2

Further Improvements Planned Note 2

 

Tariffs

 

In accordance with a point 2 of the decision of EAEC Intergovernmental Council from 27/11/2009 № 18 «About common customs-tariff regulation of Customs Union of the Republic of Belarus, the Republic of Kazakhstan and the Russian Federation» Trade Nomenclature of Customs Union foreign economic activity and Uniform customs tariff of Customs Union came into force since 01/01/2010.

 

Trade Nomenclature of Customs Union foreign economic activity is based on the fourth publication of Harmonized system on description and coding of goods dated 2007.

 

Uniform customs tariff of Customs Union established rates of customs duties for 11171 descriptions of goods.

 

 

Preparing draft common Trade Nomenclature of Customs Union foreign economic activity on basis of the fifth publication of Harmonized system on description and coding of goods dated 2012.

 

Article 8 of the Agreement about common customs-tariff regulation dated 25/01/2008 provides that Commission of Customs Union establishes rates of entry customs duties (including seasonal customs duties).

 

A position concerning characteristic of updating rates of customs duties in the Russian Federation will be elaborated by Subcommission on customs-tariff and nontariff regulation, protective measures in foreign trade of Government Commission on economic development and integration created in accordance with Government Resolution of the Russian Federation from 30/12/2009 № 1166 with a glance of incurred obligations in the sphere of liberalization of trade and investment conditions.

 

 

Non-Tariff Measures

 

On the January, 1, 2010 came into force international agreements adopted within the framework of the Customs Union between the Republic of Kazakhstan, the Republic of Belarus and the Russian Federation and ratified by the Russian Federation. This agreements changed  the regulation rules of application prohibitions and restrictions in  the foreign trade activity

 

-          Agreement on common measures of non-tariff regulation in relation to the third countries, signed in Moscow, January 25, 2008;

-          Agreement on the procedure of imposition and application of measures affecting the foreign trade of goods on the single custom territory in relation to the third countries, signed in Moscow, June 9, 2009;

-          Agreement on the rules of licensing in the foreign trade of goods, signed in Moscow, June 9, 2009.

Agreement on common measures of non-tariff regulation in relation to the third countries.

 

This Agreement provides the establishment of common procedure of non-tariff regulation and single approach to the state regulation of the foreign trade activity in member states in relation to the third countries. It contains disposition which provides delegation of some authorities of the Russian Federation to the bodies of the Customs Union, establishes the binding character of Customs Union Commission’s decisions for the Russian Federation

 

Agreement on the procedure of imposition and application of measures affecting the foreign trade of goods on the single custom territory in relation to the third countries.

 

The agreement provides the procedure of imposition and application of common measures of non-tariff regulation on the single customs territory in relation to the third countries, measures affecting foreign trade of goods and being applied in the national interests of the member states, and also special kinds of prohibitions and restrictions of foreign trade of goods. The goods which are subject to the regulating measures are being included into the common list of goods, requiring prohibitions or restrictions for import and export by the member states within the framework of Eurasian Economic Community in foreign trade with the third countries. It contains disposition which provides delegation of some authority of the Russian Federation in the sphere of application of the regulating measures to the Commission of the Customs Union, and it establishes the binding character of the Customs Union Commission’s decisions for the Russian Federation.

 

Agreement on the rules of licensing in the foreign trade of goods.

 

The agreement provides common rules for export and (or) import licenses execution on goods, included into the common list of restricted goods in respect of trade with the third countries. At the same time the Agreement doesn’t spread to export and (or) import of goods subject to the export control, export and import of armaments and defense technologies, and other military. It contains disposition which provides delegation of some authority of the Russian Federation to the Commission of the Customs Union, particularly the definition of conditions, procedure of execution and issue of licenses, as well as the conditions and procedure of permits issued in the foreign trade of goods, and establishes the binding character of the Customs Union Commission’s decisions for the Russian Federation.

 

At the same time since January 1, 2010 the member states of the Customs Union apply the Common list of goods, requiring prohibitions and (or) restrictions for import or export by the member states within the framework of Eurasian Economic Community in trade with the third countries and provisions on the restrictions application.

 

The Common list of goods contains 7 categories of goods prohibited for import and (or) export within the framework of the Customs Union and 23 categories of goods restricted for import and (or) export within the framework of the Customs Union.

 

The abovementioned Agreements and Common list of goods and appropriate regulations of restrictions application are published on the official websites of the Commission of the Customs Union (http://www.tsouz.ru) and the Ministry of Industry and Trade of the Russian Federation (http://www.minprom.gov.ru).

 

 

Currently the member states of the Customs Union continue the consultation on further liberalization of export and import rules of certain categories of goods subject to restrictions in foreign trade.

 

 

Services

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Temporary Entry and Stay of Service Providers and Intra-Corporate Transferees

 

New amendments to the Federal Law «On the legal status of foreign natural persons in the Russian Federation» were made on 19.05.2010 with respect to recruitment and/or prolongation of work permits, obtaining of residency for high-qualified foreign specialists.

 

There were some new amendments introduced with respect to temporary stay of foreign workers, i.e. temporary stay of foreign citizen is prolonged when issuing to the foreign citizen the work permit or patent or prolonging of the issued work permit. 

 

Temporary stay period for the foreign workers who entered the territory of the Russian Federation for work without visa should not exceed the respective dates for such workers set up by the intergovernmental agreements.

 

According to the above-mentioned amendments, accredited representative offices, registered in the Russian Federation in accordance with the Russian legislation do not need to obtain permit for recruitment or usage of foreign workers within the limits of quantity of such workers, agreed during the procedure of accreditation. Such workers, falling within the limits do not need to obtain work permits. This principle to be effective should be reflected in the intergovernmental agreements on the basis of reciprocity.

 

There were also some amendments with respect to the procedure of prolongation of the work permit for the foreign citizen who have obtained permit for temporary stay.

 

Implement APEC Leaders’ Transparency Standards on Services

 

NIL

 

 

Other Generic Requirements Applied to Trade in Services

Amendments and additions to the Federal Law «On licensing of several types of activities» were adopted on November, 29, 2009.

From January 1, 2010 the licensing of the following types of activity was terminated:

designing of buildings and installations, except for installations of seasonal or auxiliary purpose;

construction of buildings and installations, except for installations of seasonal or auxiliary purpose;

engineering investigations for the construction of buildings and installations, except for installations of seasonal or auxiliary purpose.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Business Services: Accounting

The Federal Law “On consolidated financial statements” entered into force from the 27 July 2010. Under this new Law consolidated financial statements of credit organizations, insurance organizations, listed companies will be prepared in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards.

 

Financial Service: Insurance, banking and other financial services

 

Several key laws were adopted in 2010:

1) Federal law no. 206 - FZ of June 27, 2010 “On amending the federal law on additional arrangements on support of financial system of Russian Federation».

2) Federal law no. 103 - FZ of June 3, 2009 “On the acceptance of payments by payments agents from natural persons”.

3) Federal law no. 11 - FZ of February 15, 2010 “On amending article 29 of the Federal law on banks and bank activity”.

The law made clear when a bank has a right to change the credit interest rate for a client.

4) Federal law no. 151 - FZ of July 2, 2010 “On microfinancial activity and microfinancial organizations”.

5) Federal law no. 210 - FZ  of July 27, 2010 “On provision of government and municipal services”.

The law determines the process of provision of governmental and municipal services. The law also sets basis for emission, distribution and provision of governmental and municipal services with the use of universal electronic card. 

 

Wholesale and retail trade, franchising and distribution services (including services of commission agents and brokers).

December 28, 2009 adopted and entered into force February 2, 2010 the Federal Law № 381-FZ «On the basis of state regulation of trade activity in the Russian Federation» (hereinafter - the Law on trade activity).

The main idea of the Law on trade activity is the ordering of relations at the federal level related to the organization of trade activity, in order to create a transparent and predictable order of trade activity, unconditioned by any arbitrary measures imposed by local authorities, and removing unnecessary administrative barriers in trade.

 The Law on trade activity, defines following methods of state regulation of trade activity:

-          Establishing the requirements for the organization and implementation of trade activities;

-          Antimonopoly regulation of trade activity;

-          Technical regulation of trade activity;

-          Information provision in the area of trade activity.

The Law on trade activity defines the main forms of promotion to trade activities. In particular, the drafting of regional and municipal development programs targeted trade and investment projects aimed at developing trade-related infrastructure, the application of economic incentives for certain categories of economic entities in trade, organizing interventions to promote business activity of economic entities in trade and promote cooperation between trade organizations and producers of foodstuffs.

In order to promote market-based system of realizing foodstuffs in the commodity market of the Russian Federation the Law on trade activity provides  rules of detention and execution of the contracts of delivery of the foodstuffs.

 In order to balance the interests of all participants of the trade activity, promoting competition and preventing abuses in trade, antimonopoly claims provides interdiction to adopt by government agencies of the Russian Federation and local government decisions (acts) of local government that restrict competition in trade.

Implementation of the Law on trade activity, in general will improve the legislation on trade activity and, thereby, ensure transparent decision of government agencies and local government in trade, unification of requirements for business entities in organization and implementation of trade activity, simplify the organization of trade activity for small and midsize enterprises, to ensure the development of trade activity for the fullest satisfaction of needs for goods.

Also, Government of the Russian Federation approved the decree of 15.07.2010 № 530 «On approval of rules establishing the maximum allowable retail prices for some kinds of socially important foodstuffs essential list of certain types of socially important foodstuffs of prime necessity, on which may establish the maximum allowable retail prices and a list of certain types of socially important foodstuffs for purchasing a certain amount of business entity which carries out trade activity not permitted payment of compensation» (hereinafter – the decree).

 The decree was adopted list of certain types of socially important foodstuffs of prime necessity, to which the procedure for establishing the maximum allowable retail (consumer) prices, compiled based on the specifics of the setting of minimum food basket that is included in the consumer basket, which is the basis for calculating the minimum subsistence level per capita population and on basic socio-demographic groups in the general population of the Russian Federation.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Implement APEC Leaders’ Transparency Standards on Services

 

Intention to establish one or several enquiry points on services

 

Other Generic Requirements Applied to Trade in Services

Some kinds of activity will be excluded from the scope of the Federal Law «On licensing of several types of activities», when the respective technical regulations, setting up the compulsory requirements for licensing types of activity are set. Those kinds of activity includes:

1. development, manufacturing, repair, testing of air transport engineering, including double-purpose engineering

2. exploitation of fire and explosion dangerous working objects

3. exploitation of chemically dangerous working objects

4.expertise of industrial safety

5. asserting, maintenance and repair of fire security tools of buildings

6. mine surveys

7. geodesic and cartographic works

8. manufacturing of medical apparatus, and maintenance (except for own needs of legal person or individual entrepreneur)

9. manufacturing and repair of measuring tools

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Investment

 

 

As in 2009.

 

 

 

Standards and Conformance

 

 

Alignment of standards with international standards where appropriate

Aircraft and spaceindustry – 12 %

Information technology – 74 %

Еnvironment – 75 %

Мachinery – 42 %

Oil and gas industry, associated production – 44 %

Power and the heating engineering – 39 %

Shipbuilding and marine constructions – 64 %

 

Alignment of standards with international standards in priority areas agreed by the SCSC

As in 2009 IAP

 

Active participation in the  international standardization activities of international standardizing bodies

The Russian Federation is a member of  ISO and IEC and participates in the work of ISO/IEC technical committees and subcommittees.There are two options: to  participate actively in the work, with an obligation to vote on all documents  formally submitted for voting within the technical committee or subcommittee, on new work item proposals, enquiry drafts and final draft International Standards  and to contribute to meetings (P-member) or to follow the work as an observer, to receive committee documents, to have the right to submit comments and to attend meetings (O-members).

National member body of Russia (GOST R) is responsible for  secretariats of ISO/TCs/SCs and carry out convenorships for  working groups (WG)

Participation in the technical work of ISO

P-members of ISO/TC/SC — 538

O-members of ISO/TC/SC — 74

Secretariat of ISO/TC/SC  — 10

Number of convenorships for working groups (WG) — 8

Russian experts took part in Plenary  Meetings  of ISO/TCs

Russia hosted  Plenary  meeting  of ISO/TC 37 “Terminology” and ISO/TC 135 “Non-destructive testing”

Participation in policy development committees:

-          Committee on conformity assessment CASCO

-          Committee on consumer policy COPOLCO                                

-          Committee on developing country matters DEVCO

Participation in the technical work of IEC:

P-members of IEC /TC/SC — 148

O-members of IEC/TC/SC — 19

Secretariat of IEC/TC/SC  2

Russian experts took part in Plenary  Meetings  of IEC/TCs

Russia hosted  Plenary  meeting  of IEC/TC 2 “Rotating machinery”

Russia participates in IEC Conformity Assessment Board (CAB)

 

Participation in plurilateral recognition arrangements of conformity assessment in the regulated sector

Russia participates  in IEC Schemes on conformity assessment:

1.       IECEE  (System for Conformity Testing and Certification of Electrical Equipment and Components);

2.       IECQ (Quality Assessment system for Electronic components;

3.       IECEx (System for Certification to Standards relating to Equipment for use in Explosive Atmospheres)

IEC Scheme on certification of electric equipment (IECEE) Participation of Russia in IECEE has provided high level of harmonization of national standards with IEC International standards. In particular: in the following areas of  IECEE activity: power supplies – 36%; cables and cords – 64 %; switches for devices and automatic control of electrical household appliances – 45%;  electromagnetic compatibility – 43%; the household and similar electrotechnical equipment – 64%; adjusting products and joining devices – 38%; the lighting equipment – 51%; measuring devices – 43%; the electric medical equipment – 58%; information technology and the office equipment – 38%; the low-voltage high-power switching equipment – 58%; the adjusting protective equipment – 38%; portable electro tools – 72%; household electric devices – 84%.

Russian testing laboratories (8 at the moment)  are recognized by IECEE.

More than 100 CB-certificates have been issued.

The level of harmonization between national and international standards in the frame of IECEE is estimated about 42%

IEC Scheme for certification of electronic components (IECQ)

Russia  joined the IECQ system in 1981. A manufacturer of Novgorod and two testing laboratories of St. Petersburg are recognized by IECQ

The level of harmonization between appropriate national and international standards is estimated about 15%.

IEC Scheme for testing of electric equipment designed for explosive atmospheres (IECEx)

Russia have been participating IECEx  since 1996. A  Russian laboratory and a certification body were recognized in the frame of IECEx.

The level of harmonization between appropriate national and international standards is estimated about 90%.

 

Participation in bilateral recognition arrangements of conformity assessment in the regulated sector 

MoU on Cooperation in the field of Standardization and Conformity Assessment with the Standardization Administration of the People’s Republic of China, SAC (China)).

MoU with the Korean Agency for Technology and Standards, KATS (the Republic of Korea).

MoU with the American Society for Testing and Materials, ASTM (USA)

The 8th meeting of  WG on Standardization, Metrology, Certification and Inspection  of the subcommittee on trade and economic cooperation of the Russian-Chinese committee on preparation of regular meetings of the heads of governments held in July 2010.

 

 

Participation in  recognition arrangements of conformity assessment in the voluntary sector

«Agreement on acceptance of uniform technical instructions for wheel vehicles, subjects of the equipment and parts, which can be established and (or) are used on wheel vehicles, and about conditions of a mutual recognition of the official confirmations which are given out on the basis of these instructions» (Geneva agreement).

127 UNECE  Rules  operate now. Russia has declared application 124 of them. 105 rules are applied in Russia as national standards, 76 rules are applied at obligatory acknowledgement of conformity power-driven vehicles and trailers («Approval of type of a vehicle»)

 

Identification of specific  requirements, assistance and/or activities for technical infrastructure development 

As in 2009 IAP

 

Provision of assistance for the improvement of other economies’ technical  infrastructure 

As in 2009 IAP

 

Participation in Specialist Regional Bodies activities (APLAC, APLMF, APMP, PAC, PASC)

Cooperation of  National Metrological Institutions (NMI) of the Russian Federation with ARMR is in the framework of the Regional metrological organization COOMET, under the Joint Committee of regional metrological organizations (RMO) and BIPM.

 

Continuously strive to increase transparency of their standards and conformance requirements, including implementation of APEC Leaders’ Transparency Standards on Standards and Conformance 

Government regulations are published on the official web-site of the Federal agency for technical regulation and metrology. The documents include Decrees of the President of the Russian Federation,  Laws of the Russian Federation, Orders of the Federal agency, Information regarding national standards, rules and recommendations.

In 2004 the monthly Bulletin of technical regulation was founded. Besides above mentioned documents, there will be published notifications about elaboration of the projects, connected with technical regulations; projects of Federal Laws on technical regulations, which were passed by State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation; projects of regulations of the Government of the Russian Federation on technical regulations, decisions of expert commission, news reviews of  the process of reforms in technical regulation, comments and explanations of specialists, as well as informational and analytical materials of such international organizations, as WTO, UNECE, OECD, EurAsEC and others. 

 

Participate in relevant international fora

The Russian delegation took part in the work of the 32nd ISO General  Assembly  in September 2009 and 73rd IEC General Session in October 2009.

The representative of Russia took part in the work of Sub-Committee on Standards and Conformance (SCSC) APEC  in March 2010 (Hiroshima, Japan).

 

Other activities

Activity on analysis of ISO/CASCO standards and their conformity with corresponding Russian standards and proposals to their implementation in the Russian Federation.

 

 

Alignment of standards with international standards where appropriate

The activity according to The National program of development of national standards within the harmonization with international standards.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Active participation in the  international standardization activities of international standardizing bodies

Representative of the Russian Federation  has been elected ISO President for the 2011-2012 term and serves as President-elect for the remaining part of 2010.

Russia was elected as member of ISO Council for  2010-2011.

The Russian delegation will take part in the work of the 33nd ISO General  Assembly  in September 2010 and 74rd IEC General Session in October.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Participation in bilateral recognition arrangements of conformity assessment in the regulated sector 

Republic of Indonesia for Standardization is preparing.  

The Draft MoU with American National Standards Institute, ANSI (USA) is preparing

 

 

 

 

Customs Procedures

 

 

On the basis of currently developing electronic declaration of goods FCS of Russia has started to realize a remote release technology based on on-line declarations processing with use of relevant in law electronic interaction between different customs agencies.

The basis of the remote release technology is differentiation of customs clearance on documentary control and factual control, carried out by different agencies.

Customs official of the internal customs authority, where the Customs Declaration is submitted electronically and with using of the International associations of “Internet” in regard to goods and vehicles located in the internal customs warehouse, in course of receipt of the Customs Declaration which is submitted with using of the International associations of “Internet”, carries out the processing of the documents and data, subject to application for the Electronic Cargo Customs Declaration; and the official of the border customs authority carries out the control of the vehicles, shipping documentations, and goods if it needed.

Informational exchange cooperation between customs authorities is provided in compliance with the specification of the interface for intercommunication between the automatic sub-system “Submission of electronic data for the Customs authorities in order for Customs Procedure in course of goods declaration” and the automatic systems on Customs Procedures.

At the present time 37 internal and 27 border customs authorities are involved to the remote release technologies.

The Portal “Electronically submission of the data” (http://edata.customs.ru/Pages/
Default.aspx
.) is introduced and successfully acting as a result of the further development of the advance information of customs authorities of the Russian Federation.

The mentioned Portal provides the possibility for the participants of the foreign trade the submission of the advance information electronically in regard to the goods and vehicles prior to the crossing of the customs border of the Russian Federation on the base of the WEB-technologies with the international association “Internet” using.

 

 

In the frames of development of Customs Union legislation the FCS of Russia is planning to issue an order regulating the diffusion of the remote release technology of goods on which an advance declaration has been lodged.

There is the project to include the additional item into the Portal “Electronically submission of the data”, which is intended to provide the submission of the electronically copy of the Declaration by the participants of the foreign trade.

 

Intellectual Property Rights

 

 

Customs Code of Customs Union had been accepted on 27/11/2009. Its Chapter 46 «Specifics of carrying out of customs procedures in respect of the goods comprising objectives of intellectual property» establishes measures on IPR enforcement used by customs agencies of Customs Union.

Customs Code of Customs Union vests customs agencies of Customs Union to assume the measures on IPR enforcement by oneself, without an application of rightholders (an action “ex officio”) in accordance with  national legislation of Customs Union members. The Customs Code of Customs Union provides keeping of IPR object register of Customs Union members.

Procedure and conditions of  keeping of common customs IPR object register of Customs Union members are established by Agreement about common customs IPR object register of Customs Union members signed on 21/05/2010.

 

TRIPS implementation

On October 7, 2009 the Concept of development of civil legislation in the Russian Federation was adopted, in order to bring Russian legislation into conformity with the provisions of TRIPS. Currently, the amendments in the fourth part of the Civil Code are being prepared.

12 of 15 Administrative Regulations, designed to clearly define the functions of the federal executive authority competent in the area of legal protection and use of the objects of intellectual property and to implement the provisions of Part IV of the Civil Code, as well as to promote transparency, came into force.

 

 

 

 

Ensuring the Expeditious Granting of IP Rights

On December 18, 2009 the Singapore Treaty on the Law of Trademarks came into force on the territory of the Russian Federation.

On May 19, 2010 the Memorandum of Understanding for Strategic Cooperation between Rospatent and the State Administration for Industry and Commerce of the People’s Republic of China was concluded.

On June 2, 2010 the Memorandum on Bilateral Cooperation between Rospatent and USPTO was concluded. On September 1, 2010 the joint pilot project “Patent Prosecution Highway” (PPH) has stated.

Under the state program Electronic Government, and in accordance with the protocol of the Government Commission on the implementation of information technology in the activity of state local authorities dated July 13, 2010 № SS -P10-21pr, a transition for the provision of public services, including in the provision of legal protection of results of intellectual activity, and the implementation of state functions in electronic format through a Single Portal of Public Services are envisaged.

 

Effective Enforcement of IP Rights

In 2009-2010 within the system of internal cooperation between state authorities of the Russian Federation Rospatent concluded a number of agreements with Russian authorities that determine the common principles of interaction between authorities and are aimed to enhance the efficiency of intellectual property protection and enforcement. The agreements were concluded with Ministry of Justice, Ministry of Interior, the Federal Antimonopoly Service, the Federal Customs Service, the Federal Service of Court Bailiffs, the Federal Service on Surveillance in Healthcare and Social Development and the Federal Agency on Technical Regulation and Metrology.

The concept of the draft federal constitutional law “On amending the Federal Constitutional Laws “On judicial system of the Russian Federation” and “On arbitration courts in the Russian Federation” (the Concept) is under development. The main idea of the Concept is to create a specialized court to resolve disputes arising in the field of intellectual property rights.

 

Public Education and Awareness of IP, enhanced IP user skills

 

On November 27 209 the Memorandum on Joint Activities in the Field of Intellectual Property Training and Education between the Russian State Institute of Intellectual Property and Korean Intellectual Property Office was conducted.

On May 17, 2009 the Memorandum of Understanding on Cooperation in Education and Training of Specialists in the Field of Intellectual Property Protection between Rospatent and the State Intellectual Property Office of the People’s Republic of China was conducted.

In August 2010 in Saint Petersburg the second WIPO Summer School in Russian language was successfully held.

A new framework agreement between the WIPO and Rospatent on development of human resources in the field of intellectual property is planned to be signed in September 2010.

Within the framework of expansion of cooperation with the WIPO Worldwide Academy the distance learning course DL-201R “Copyright and related rights” in Russian language has been launched.

 

APEC Cooperation on IP Issues

During the 30th IPEG APEC meeting the Russian project proposal “Enhancing of APEC capacity building for intellectual property protection and utilization: training for trainers” was endorsed. China, Korea, the USA, Peru and Viet Nam offered to be co-sponsors. The project proposal was approved by APEC Budget and Management Committee. The project will be implemented from October 2010 to September 2011.

 

 

Adoption of draft federal law «About customs regulation in the Russian Federation» (in a part of detailing the provisions of the chapter 46 of Customs Code of Customs Union, which are assigned on national legislation). The chapter 42 of the draft law provides reduction of sum of guaranteeing rightholders commitment about compensation for a damage, made by laying-off realize of goods, from 500 to 300 thousand of rubles.

It is provided to permit customs agencies “ex officio”, as well as with the consent of the rightholders to destroy the counterfeit goods.

Draft federal law «About ratification of the Agreement about common customs IPR object register of Customs Union members» was submitted for consideration of State Duma  of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation by the Government Resolution of the Russian Federation from 14/07/2010 № 511

 

 

TRIPS implementation

The issues related to the regulation of use of intellectual activity results in information and telecommunication networks (including the Internet) are of great importance.

It is proposed to adjust the list of limitations of the exclusive right, in order to establish an accurate list of cases and conditions of free use of copyright and related rights in the information and telecommunication networks and to ensure the effective enforcement of intellectual activity results in the telecommunication and information networks.

The further improvement of legal regulation of state registration of rights to such results of intellectual activity and means of individualization, the convergence of regulatory administrative procedures that exist in this area with international standards are planned.

 

Ensuring the Expeditious Granting of IP Rights

The conclusion of Agreements on organization of PPH pilot projects with German Patent and Trademark Office and National Board of Patents and Registration of Finland is under consideration.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Competition Policy

 

 

The "second antimonopoly package of laws" came into force in the end of August 2009 (amendments to the Law on protection of competition and to Code on Administrative Violations) and of October 2009 (amendments to the Criminal Code). It provided for more effective competition enforcement in Russia.

The notion of "dominant position" was more precisely defined. The economic entity can be admitted as dominant provided his market share is less than 35 % and he can significantly impact general conditions on the market. This admission can be made only after competition assessment by the competition authority and meeting of certain requirements established by the law.

The notion of "monopolistically high (low) price" was also made more accurate. There can used a cost-is-no-object approach if there is no comparable market on the territory of the Russian Federation.

The notion of "state or municipal preference" (concept of state aid) was expanded. The order and purposes of granting of preferences, and order of gaining permission on that was also made more accurate.

The list of anti-competitive agreements (concerted actions) that are per se prohibited was shortened.

The new laws considerably reduce administrative barriers for entrepreneurship, in particular thresholds for merger notification were increased from 120 mln US dollars to 280 mln US dollars.

Moreover, preliminary control of transactions within one group of persons was eliminated which will lead to significant reduction of burdens both on business and competition authority.

Units that are under the state ownership now can be sold only through auctions with observance of requirements that ensure competition.

The leniency program was also made more accurate.

The administrative liability for anti-competitive coordination and anti-competitive conduct on power energy market was introduced.

Notion of "disqualification of officials" was specified as administrative sanction, administrative liability for anti-competitive acts, actions and agreements of state and local authorities was introduced.

Moreover, punishment for violation of antimonopoly legislation was also made more severe. The new formulation of Article 178 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation envisages criminal liability for cartels with imprisonment up to 7 years and disqualification for repeated abuse of dominance.

Adoption of the Resolution of the Government of the Russian Federation of 22.07.2009 on a sequence of ensuring access to the services of natural monopolies in airports that will significantly promote competition in this sector. Progressive elaboration of Rules on Non-Discriminatory Access in various sectors of economy is one of the priority tasks of the Program on Competition Development in the Russian Federation.

This Program   on Competition Development was adopted by the Order of the Government of the Russian Federation №691-r of May 19, 2009. Peculiarity of the Program is, on the one hand, its complexity, and on the other — its implementation on all the levels of state and local power. The strategic objective of implementation of regional programs on competition development is creation of a level-playing field in all the subjects of the Russian Federation.

Introduction of special antimonopoly regulation of retail through adoption of the Federal Law of 28.12.2009 № 381-FZ "On Fundamentals of State Regulation of Trade Activity in the Russian Federation". This Law is aimed at creation of transparent and predictable sequence of trade activity unstipulated by any arbitrary requirements of the local authorities, as well at elimination of excessive barriers in trade, at support of SMEs in the sphere of trade and production of foodstuffs.

Adoption of the Resolution of the Government of the Russian Federation of 05.07.2010 № 504 "On permissibility of agreements between insurers working on the same product market". Resolution introduces competition rules for agreements of insurers on cooperation within joint insurance/reinsurances of risks for the period of 10 years.

 

 

Elaboration of the "third antimonopoly package of laws" aimed at specifying certain provisions of the Law on protection of competition, including at liberalization of the most severe regulations of the competition legislation. Draft amendments, amid alia, specify:

sequence of application of antimonopoly legislation to the actions of persons located outside the territory of the Russian Federation and affecting competition in Russia.;

- definition of the coordination of economic activity - it is possible only by the person that doesn't operate on the same product market where coordination occurs;

definition of anti-competitive agreements and anti-competitive concerted actions (qualification criteria are planned to be added that would allow to differentiate purely parallel actions on the market caused by common for all conditions from anti-competitive concerted actions restricting competition).

They do not cover economic entities from one group of persons or controlled by one person. Amendments envisage separation of notions anti-competitive agreements and anti-competitive concerted actions in two different articles of the Law.

Moreover, the "third antimonopoly package of laws" excludes application of criminal liability for concerted actions, introduces fixed fines for abuse of dominance in cases not related to significant restriction of competition.

 

Government Procurement

 

 

Resolution of the Government of the Russian Federation of 10.09.2009 №722 "On adoption of Rules for assessment of applications for taking part in tender to gain a right to conclude state or municipal contract on supply of goods, conduction works, rendering of services for state or municipal needs" sets common rules for assessment of these applications.

Federal Law of 23.11.2009 № 261-FZ establishes a sequence for placement of orders on energy service for state and municipal needs aimed at increase of energy effectiveness when allocating orders on supply of goods, conduction works, rendering of services for state or municipal needs.

Federal Law of 25.11.2009 № 273-FZ establishes commitment to conduct open electronic auctions for federal customers.

Order of the Government of the Russian Federation of 17.12.2009 №1996-r approves a list of goods, works, services that are to be placed by federal consumers in open electronic auctions since January 1, 2010 in accordance with the Chapter 3.1 of the Law on public procurement (№ 94-FZ).

Federal Law of 17.12.2009 № 316-FZ regulates procedures on allocation of orders to purchase living quarters in apartment house from builder to provide living quarters to citizens in accordance with the Federal Law of 27.05.1998 №76-FZ "On status of military personnel" that is to be executed through conduction of request of quotations.

Federal Law of 05.05.2010 № 78-FZ establishes a right of state and municipal customers to place order for the needs of the regions of the Russian Federation and municipal needs through conduction of open electronic auction in accordance with the Chapter 3.1 of the Law on public procurement on the pilot electronic spots determined by the Government of the Russian Federation.

Federal Law of 27.07.2010 № 240-FZ introduced significant amendments to the Law on public procurement, namely:

provisions aimed at increase of quality of implementation of

contract (there were established additional requirements to

the bail when providing security for the implementation of the contract, there was cancelled liability insurance as a provision of security for the implementation of contract; there was decreased the threshold (up to USD 333 000) of security for the implementation of the contract compulsory set by the consumer); -    regulation   establishing   conduction   of auction   only   in electronic form; -    federal  control  over  conduction  of electronic  auctions (including scheduled and unscheduled inspections); -    more detailed procedure of signing a contract as a result of electronic auctions; -    priority of the FAS Russia instruction over the instructions of the authorities of the regions of the Russian Federation when conducting control; -    more  detailed binary  system  for  conducting  electronic auctions.

 

 

From   January   1,   2011   all   municipal procurements are to be placed  at the electronic auctions.

From  January   1,   2011   there  will  be launched a single portal for publishing information   on   federal   and   municipal procurements that are being placed. This would   provide   more   opportunities   for entrepreneurs to take part in public procurement.

Moreover, starting from January 1, 2011 the unified register of concluded state and municipal contracts that would allow more effective control over implementation of procurements.

The necessity for natural monopolies and state corporations to publish in Internet information on their procurements, supply of goods, works and services, as well information on the contracts concluded with this regard is being widely discussed at the moment. This would allow increasing transparency of their procurement placement and more effective control over observance of incumbent legislation.

 

Deregulation/Regulatory Review

 

 

Communications

Federal   Law   of   27.07.2010   №   221-FZ   "On   Introducing Amendments to the Federal Law "On Communications" defines mechamsm for translation of compulsory available TV and radio channels in digital format conducted by communication operators, improves the sequence for licensing activity on rendering services for the purposes of TV broadcasting taking into consideration switch to digital technologies.

Air transportation

Resolution of the  Government of the Russian Federation of 22.07.2009 № 599 "On providing Rules for access to the services of the natural monopolies in airports" came into force on October 22, 2009. The Rules aim at prevention of unjustified refusal of airport operators from rendering services to consumers, including allocation of slots for airlines and rendering services on jet fuelling. These are the spheres that pose highest risks for discrimination. Rules allow airlines to extend their itinerary network and allow for creating of benign conditions for competition development between operators of airport services.

Order of the Russian Ministry of Transport of 07.06.2010 № 128 introduces amendments to its Order of 17.08.2008 № 92 "On adoption of sequence for ensuring access of carriers having the relevant licenses to conduct international air transportations of passenger and (or) cargo". Access is provided by the Federal agency on air transportation (Rosaviation).

In accordance with the decisions of the Interstate Council on Antimonopoly Policy (ICAP) of the CIS countries there was elaborated a draft Typical bilateral agreement on air communication that envisages exclusion of necessity to agree upon volume and tariffs for transportations between air lines, prevention of establishment of discriminatory prices and practices. This Agreement, should it be endorsed by CIS countries, will promote competition on air transportation markets.

 

Railway transport

Resolution of the Government of the Russian Federation of 05.08.2009 № 643 "On state regulation and control over tariffs, duties and payment with regard to works (services) of the subjects of natural monopolies in the sphere of railway transportation" aims at enhancing transparency in this sphere.

Resolution of the Government of the Russian Federation of 22.07.2009 № 600 "On introducing amendments to the Resolution of the Government of the Russian Federation of 18.05.2001 №384" supplements provisions on the reformation of the railway transport, in particular with regard to the creation of the federal passenger company in the form of OJSC within the frameworks of the third stage of reformation of the railway transport.

Order of the Government of the Russian Federation of 04.08.2010 № 1322-r "On tariffs for transportation of passengers and usage of infrastructure    of   common   railway    transport    in    suburban communication" aims at ensuring availability of these services for the passengers.

Order of the Russian Ministry of Transport of 24.07.2009 № 123 "On introducing amendments to the Order of the Ministry of communications    lines    of    25.06.2003    №    52"    aims    at supplementations of the list of cargo that can be transported by railway in bulk. Entered in force on 02.10.2009.

Order of the Russian Ministry of Transport of 19.08.2009 № 138 "On introducing amendments to the Order of the Ministry of communications lines of 16.06.2003 № 19" aims at amending the Rules of cargo railway transportation in open rolling-stock. Entered in force on 12.10.2009.

Order of the Russian Ministry of Transport of 10.12.2009 № 233 "On introducing amendments to the Order of the Ministry of communications lines of 18.06.2003 № 27" aims at amending the "Rules on determination of the calculation of periods for delivery of goods by railway. Entered in force on 07.02.2010.

Order of the Russian Ministry of Transport of 26.04.2010 № 104 "On introducing amendments to the Order of the Ministry of communications lines of 25.06.2003 № 51" aims at amending the list of cargo transported by railway in open rolling-stock. Entered in force on 18.06.2010.

Power Energy

Federal Law № 187-FZ of 26.07.2010 "On Introducing

amendments to the Federal Law "On peculiarities of functioning of

power energy in transition period and on introducing amendments

to the certain legal acts of the Russian Federation and admitting

invalid certain legal acts due to adoption of the Federal Law "On

power energy" aimed at establishment of mechanism for control

over observance by economic entities of prohibition on

combination of natural monopolistic and competitive types of

activity.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Air transportation

Amendments to the Federal Law "On Airports   (aerodromes   of  the   Russian Federation)     aim     at     exclusion     of discriminatory     regulations,      ensuring balance of interests of market participants (airport services and air transportation).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Railway transport

Adoption of the Resolution of the Government of the Russian Federation "On Rules of ensuring non-discriminatory access of carriers to the infrastructure of common railway transport" that would ensure competition development in this sector.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Maritime transport

Adoption of the Resolution of the Government of the Russian Federation "On sequence for ensuring non-discriminatory access to the services of the natural monopolies in ports and transport terminals", as well as "Rules of ensuring non-discriminatory access to the services of natural monopolies in ports and transport terminals".

These Rules would ensure level-playing field for all the market participants.

Adoption of the Resolution of the Government of the Russian Federation "On sequence for ensuring non-discriminatory access to the services of the natural monopolies on . usage of infrastructure of internal water communications", as well as "Rules of ensuring non-discriminatory access to the services of natural monopolies on usage of infrastructure of internal water communications".

 

Implementation of WTO Obligations/ROOs

 

 

During 2010 considerable progress has been made on the accession of the Russian Federation to the WTO. Very few issues remained unsolved. In particular the amount of AMS for agriculture, TRQ mechanism and export duties.

Early accession to the WTO remains high priority of the Russian trade policy. In 2010 the full-fledged negotiations on the accession to the WTO were resumed.

But changes which occurred in the trade regime of the Russian Federation after the formation of the customs union with Kazakhstan and Belorussia should be reflected in the documents of the accession. The work of redrafting of the Working Party report sections is underway.

The Russian Federation intends to maintain all the conditions agreed upon with the Working party members during the previous stages of the negotiations. 

 

 

 

 

Dispute Mediation

 

 

In July 2009 the Federal Law № 205-FZ "On amendments to some legislative acts of the Russian Federation with regard to improving the mechanisms for resolving corporate conflicts”, which provides an effective mechanism for preventing and resolving corporate conflicts by establishing the principle of exclusive jurisdiction over all corporate dispute cases of the arbitration courts local for the legal entity, binding linkage of closely related claims arising from a single corporate dispute, as well as introducing the institution of class actions, which allows to combine the requirements of large groups of citizens and organizations into single procedure and makes it easier to access Justice. At the same time mechanisms that limit opportunities for abuse of procedural rights in the adoption of interim measures are proposed.

27 July 2010 the Federal Law № 193-FZ "On alternative dispute resolution process involving an intermediary (mediation process). The law provides for the possibility of the procedure of mediation, both out of court, and in the judicial process at any time before the court decides the case. With the help of a mediator it would be possible to settle disputes arising from civil relations, including in connection with business and other economic activities, as well as arising from the employment and family relations.

Institute of mediation will serve as a tool in the  system of prevention and resolution of conflicts. Law is aimed primarily at the development of business partnerships, the formation of ethical business practice, the harmonization of social relations and relieving of the judicial system.

 

 

 

 
Mobility of Business People

 

 

1.       On May 29, 2010 Russia was formally admitted as a transitional member to the APEC Business Travel card scheme at the ABNC meeting in Sapporo, Japan. Since April 12, 2010 the cardholders from participating economies are entitled to use "fast-track" lanes at Russian international airports and seaports "For APEC Business Travel Card holders" (currently designated for diplomats and air-crew). Although the cardholders are still to apply for entry visa the Russian embassies and consulates process such visa applications in a priority mode.

On August 23-25, 2010 the presentation and training on how to use the ABTC Processing System was organized in Moscoe by Australian department of Immigration and Citizensgip and the Consular Department of the MFA of Russia.

 

2.       Visa facilitation agreement with the Republic of Korea (signed 29.09.2008) and Visa-free agreements with Thailand (13/12/2005) and Hong-Kong (23/04/2009) have been concluded and have come into force.

 

 

1.       It is planned that since Russia get from Australia a final approval of the Moscow training results and formal information from all participating economies about their readiness to service the Russian cardholders the process of issuing the APEC cards will be put into practice.

2.       Currently Visa facilitation and Visa-free draft agreements with Chile, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia and Singapore are being worked over.

 

Information Gathering and Analysis

 

 

As in 2008 IAP.

 

 

 

APEC Food System

 

 

In 2009 Russia signed the Aquila Food Security Initiative, pledging thus to contribute the enhancing food security of the least developed, food-deficit countries. A significant part of Russia's l'Aquila pledge for 2009-2010 worth $250 million went to Asia and the pacific area countires, either through multilateral or bilateral channels. Namely:

-          As a major WFP regional donor, in 2009-2010   Russia   contributed   over $60 million to WFP global food aid operations,  including $5  million for Kirgizstan, $5 million for Tajikistan, $5 million for Afghanistan (plus $11 million more of aid for this coutry were channeled through International Civil Defense Organization - ICDO)

-          In spring 2010  responding to FAO flash appeal for assistance to "dzud" (draught+harsh winter local phenomena) - stricken    Mongolia, Russia   shipped   to   this   country   57 thousand tons of animal  feed worth $18 million, covering thus  100% of FAO appeal.

Russian contributes to the development of  regional   food   security   networks. Including initiating and signing on July 11, 2010 an agreement on cooperation in agriculture between member states of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization. In September 2010 Russia joined as full member the FAO Regional Conference for Asia and the Pacific and participated at its 30th session in Gyengju, Republic of Korea.

 

 

 

 

Transparency

 

 

In order to increase transparency of competition policy the following measures were taken:

-          Publishing of all the legal acts, regulations with regard to competition enforcement and policy on the official web-site of the Federal Antimonopoly Service http://en.fas.gov.ru/

-          Publishing of various reports on the FAS Russia activity on the web-site

-          Adoption of Administrative Regulation of the FAS Russia on implementation of the state function on conduction of inspections on observance of antimonopoly legislation (adopted by the Order of the FAS Russia of 16.12.2009 № 840).

-          Opening of Public Reception Office where every person can get a useful and necessary information about the FAS Russia activity

-          Publishing of the draft of the "third antimonopoly package" on the FAS Russia officiaL web-site for getting comments by the interested parties.

 

A specialized web-site http://www.Anti-cartel.ru is supposed to be launched. Its main objective would be advocacy of fight against cartels, which present the gravest violation of competition legislation.

 

In order to ensure public access to all decisions of the FAS Russia there will be launched a database where any person may find every decision taken by the FAS Russia (and court decisions if present in the case) in real time in version, not containing confidential information.

 

 

RTAs/FTAs  Note 5

 

 

- Description of current

  agreements

 

 

Free trade in the framework of CIS, free trade with Georgia

A regime of free trade in goods had been established between Russia and each individual CIS country, as well as between Russia and Georgia, based on bilateral agreements concluded as indicated below. 

Azerbaijan - 30.09.1992; Armenia - 30.09.1992; Kirghizstan - 8.10.1992; Tadjikistan- 10.10.1992; Kazakhstan - 22.10.1992;  Turkmenistan-11.11.1992; Belorussia-3.11.1992; Uzbekistan - 13.11.1992;Moldova- 09.02.1993; Ukraine - 24.06.1993; Georgia -  03.02.1994.

All of these Agreements were currently in force and fully operational.  In accordance with these Agreements on free trade,  the importation of 99 per cent of all goods (including agricultural products) originating from these countries into the customs territory of the Russian Federation was not subject to customs duties, and 66 per cent of Russian exports to these countries was also duty-free. 

CIS member states signed on 15 April 1994 the "Agreement on Establishing a Free Trade Area".  This Agreement provided for the gradual elimination of customs duties, taxes and charges and other limitations and obstructions to free movement of goods.  The Agreement had been further modified by the "Protocol on Amending the Agreement on Establishing a Free Trade Area" signed by CIS member states on 2 April 1999.  The Protocol established that the Free Trade Area (FTA) was to be implemented via existing or future bilateral agreements and protocols on exemptions.   Agreement and the 1999 Protocol had been ratified by all CIS member states in 1994 (except the Russian Federation). 

 

Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia on Free Trade

"Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia on Free Trade" had been concluded on 28 August 2000.  Since the establishment of the Republic of Serbia and the Republic of Montenegro, as separate countries in 2006, the Free Trade Agreement has applied equally between Russia and these countries that had comprised the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, prior to its dissolution.  The original Agreement had not been ratified by the Russian Federation and was still being applied provisionally.  Article 1 of this Agreement stipulated that the Parties would liberalize trade in accordance with the provisions of the Agreement and WTO rules in order to create a free trade regime.  The Agreement provided for the duty-free movement of goods between the Parties covering substantially all trade, i.e. 99.7 per cent and 80.3 per cent of the imports from and 63.3 per cent and 99 per cent of the exports to Serbia and Montenegro respectively in 2009, or about 95 per cent of the tariff positions.The remaining positions were on the list of exceptions appended to the Agreement and are subject to staged duty reduction but not elimination.

 

It is expected that a new free trade agreement between Customs Union Parties  and Serbia and Montenegro will be signed in the nearest future.

 

 

Customs Union between the Russian Federation, the Republic of Belarus and the Republic of Kazakhstan

The Customs Union between Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan on the basis of the Eurasian economic community (EurAsEC) (hereinafter – the CU) was created within the framework of the regional integration between ex-soviet republics. Its aim is to further strengthen integration between three countries, to facilitate trade and investment both within the CU members and between the CU members and third countries. Elimination of internal customs borders and harmonization of related legislations of the CU members will create additional benefits for their trading partners by ensuring free circulation of goods between the CU members and thus creating economy of scale for traders and more attractive market for potential investors.As of 1 January 2010 the Customs Union started operating.

Legal basis of the CU consists of more than 50 international agreements.

The Common external tariff of the CU Members and the Common system of the customs regulation were adopted.

 

The CU Customs Code entered into force in Russia on 1 July 2010.  The CU Customs Code stipulates common customs rules and procedures for the CU Members. It contains provisions on customs clearance and customs control.

The customs legislation of the CU consists of Customs Code of the CU, international agreements and decisions of the Commission of the CU and national legislation of the CU Members.

 

The CU Members intend to apply common trade defense regime (safeguards, as well as antidumping and countervailing measures).

The CU Members intended to harmonize their policies and regulatory systems in the area of technical regulations. The main instruments of common policy in this field include: harmonization of national legislation, development and adoption of the EurAsEC technical regulations, implementation of common procedure on development of technical regulations on the territory of each CU Member, standards harmonization, implementation of common forms and rules for conformity assessment, testing and accreditation.

 

 

 

- Agreements under negotiation

 

 

 

 

 

 

Agreement #1

 

 

New multilateral FTA  between CIS countries 

For the purpose of creation of a uniform FTA on CIS space, corresponding WTO rules,   the party have started negotiations under the new  FTA agreement.

In 2009  Russia, along with Kazakhstan and Belarus, had resumed collective negotiations with other CIS member states to establish a Free Trade Area among the CIS members.  Seven meetings to draft the Agreement have been held thus far and work on the draft continued in 2010.  When completed and implemented, the new Agreement would focus on creation of a uniform legal structure based on WTO rules and regulating trade and economic relations within the framework of an FTA.  The draft Agreement provided for, inter alia, elimination of import customs duties and restrictions in mutual trade, obligations regulating the levels and the application of export duties, coordinated application of safeguard measures in mutual trade, competition and subsidies rules, technical barriers in trade, SPS measures, and an effective mechanism for dispute settlement, all with a view to making gradual progress towards a common economic space.  In the course of the negotiations a common list of CIS-wide tariff exceptions from the free trade regime was being discussed with a view to substantial reduction of the number of tariff lines currently exempted under the bilateral CIS FTAs.  Upon its entry into force, the new Agreement will replace the individual FTAs of the CIS countries with Russia and establish CIS-wide preferential trade area. 

Itisexpected that negotiations on the new multilateral FTA would be finalized by the end of 2010.

 

 

 

Agreement #2

 

 

Russian Federation, the Republic of Belarus and the Republic of Kazakhstan are currently working on creation of the Common Economic Space (CES) on the basis of rules of the Customs Union.

CES according to the Agreement on Customs Union and Common economic space of February 26,1999 is the space, consisting of the Parties territories, where there are equitable mechanisms of economic regulation, based on the market principles and application of harmonized legal regulations, common infrastructure, coordinated tax, monetary and credit, currency and financial, trade and customs policies, providing free movement of goods, services, capital and work force.

There are 20 agreements regulating these areas to be developed, second part should be signed by the Parties by the mid of 2011.

 

 

 

- Future plans

 

 

 

 

 

 

Additional information Note 6  

 

 

 

 


 

Notes

 

1.   Economies are encouraged to use the sub-chapter and section headings from the full IAP template as guidance for the appropriate level of detailed information to be submitted in the Update. 

2.   Economies should describe significant new developments under each chapter heading. The information provided should be succinct but sufficient for the reader to understand the outline of the measure being described. Wherever possible all entries should include a reference point (website, document, contact address etc) where further information can be obtained.

3.   The IAP Update should provide information necessary to bring the most recent full IAP up to date. 

4.   If there is no significant change to the information provided in the most recent IAP, “As in [year] IAP” should be entered.

5.  Economies will submit IAP chapters on transparency and RTAs/FTAs for the first time in 2005.  These chapters will remain the base document for the Update until the economy submits its next full IAP.  As a transitional measure, economies will also submit a report in 2005 on Area-specific Transparency Implementation using an agreed format.

6.   Economies may use the Additional Information section to describe any material not captured in the template.