Individual Action Plan Update for VietNam for 2009


Highlights of recent policy developments which indicate how VietNam is progressing towards the Bogor Goals and key challenges it faces in its efforts to meet the Goals.



 

IAP Chapter (and Sub-Chapter and Section Heading, if any) Note 1

Improvements made since 2008 IAP Note 2

Further Improvements Planned Note 2

 

Tariffs

 

Promulgate some Decisions of Minister of Finance on Viet Nam’s Preferential Import Tariff to implement Common Effective Preferential Tariff (CEPT) to ASEAN in the period 2009 – 2013; ASEAN – Korea Free Trade Area 2009 – 2011; ASEAN – China Free Trade Area 2009 – 2011; ASEAN – Japan Comprehensive Partnership Agreement 2008 – 2012.

 

 

No further improvements.

 

Non-Tariff Measures

 

From 8/2008 to 7/2009, there has been no changes in Vietnam’s rules of origin and non-tariff measures

 

 

N/A

 

Services

 

 

Distribution services:

Decree No. 43/2009/ND-CP of the Government dated May 07, 2009 amending and supplementing the List of goods and services in which business is prohibited promulgated  with Decree No. 59/2006/ND-CP of the Government dated June 12, 2006 making detailed provisions for implementation of the Commercial Law with respect to goods and services in which business is prohibited, restricted and subject to conditions;

-          Circular No. 14/2008/TT-BCT of the Ministry of Industry and Trade dated November 25, 2008 guiding the implementation of a number of provisions of Decree No. 119/2007/ND-CP of the Government dated July 18, 2007 on tobacco production and trading;

-          Circular No. 03/2009/TT-BCT of the Ministry of Industry and Trade dated February 10, 2009 guiding dossiers, order and procedures for granting the establishment license and the reporting regime of the goods exchange under Decree No. 158/2006/ND-CP of the Government dated December 28, 2006, detailing the Commercial Law regarding goods trading via the goods exchange.

 

Legal consulting services:

 

From 8/2008 to 7/2009, there have been no changes in Vietnam’s trade and investment policies relating to legal consulting services.

 

Audio-Visual, entertainment and tourism services:

-                      Approve the revised Laws of Cinema, and Intellectual Property Rights. The revised Laws aim to harmonize domestic regulations with WTO accession commitments, hence; basically, don’t change policies in trade-investment in culture, sports and tourism areas.

 

 

Construction and Related Engineering services:

 

No improvements made. 

 

Architectural services:

-          With regards to Operational Requirements: promulgation of the Degree No 12/2009/NĐ-CP dated 12/02/2009 of the Government on Construction Investment Project Management, replacing the Degree No 16/2005/NĐ-CP dated 07/02/2005 of the Government on Construction Investment Project Management and  the Degree No 112/2006/NĐ-CP dated 29/09/2005 of the Government on Amendment of some Articles of the Degree No 16/2005/NĐ-CP

 

Specifically:

Article 36 - Chapter IV of the Decree No 12/2009/N§-CP dated 12/02/2009 of the Government on Construction Investment Project Management specifies the capacity conditions of organizations and individuals in construction activities relating to the activities on architectural services  as follows:

 

-          Organizations and individuals participating in construction activities are required to have due capacity appropriate to the type of project; type, grade of the works and work specified in the Decree.

-          Persons participating in construction activities are required to have degree, certificate appropriate to the undertaken work, which are granted by legal education institutions.

-          Persons who are manager of construction planning design plan/ project construction design plan, chief of design plan, chief of construction survey, construction supervisor and persons who practice independently are required to have practicing certificate when they carry out construction planning design work/construction design work/construction supervision. Persons who participate in the project management work are required to have professional certificate on construction investment project management.

-          Construction activity capacity of organization is determined under categories and grades based on practicing capacity of its persons, its construction activity experience and its capacity on finance, equipment and management.

-          In the case of implementation of project funded by State budget capital, credit capital guaranteed by the State, credit capital from State for development

investment, the contractor who carries out the technical design work or construction drawing design work is not allows to sign construction supervision contract with the Project Owner for the construction works designed by this contractor; the construction supervision contractor is not allows to sign contract with the construction contractor on quality verification of the construction works which is supervised by this supervision contractor, except for the case allowed by the Investment Decision Maker.

 

The Article 37 – Chapter IV of the Degree No 12/2009/N§-CP dated 12/02/2009 of the Government on Construction Investment Project Management specifies “Practicing Certificate” relating to the  architectural  services as follows:

 

-          Certificate is a professional practicing certification paper granted for an architect/engineer, who meets professional qualification and experience requirements, practicing in the fields of construction planning design, construction survey, project construction design, construction supervision.

-          Practicing Certificate is issued in a common form and is valid in the whole country. Allowed practicing scope and field are required to identify in the Certificate.

-          Practicing Certificate is granted by the Director of provincial/city construction department. The Director of provincial/city construction department decides the establishment of Consulting Council to assist him in this duty.

 

Contact points: Ministry of Construction

                          International Cooperation Dept.

                          Tel: 84-4-39760497;

                          Fax: 84-4-39760497

                         Email: icd-moc@fpt.vn

 

-          With regards to licensing and qualification requirements of services providers: Promulgation of the Circular No 12/2009/TT-BXD dated 24/6/2009 of the Minister of Construction on detailed guidance for the grant of practicing certificate in construction activities, replacing the Decision No 15/2005/QD-BXD dated 25/4/2005of the Minister of Construction on promulgation of the regulation on grant of architect and engineer practicing certificate in the construction activities.

 

Specifically:

Article 38 - Chapter IV of  the Degree No 12/2009/N§-CP dated 12/02/2009 of the Government on Construction Investment Project Management specifies the conditions on granting architectural practicing certificate:

 

 Person seeking a grant of architectural practicing certificate is required to have a degree or higher level of architecture or construction planning, experience in design work at least 5 years and have participated in architectural design of at least 5 projects or 5 approved construction planning plans

 

The Circular No 12/2009/TT-BXD dated 24/6/2009 of the Minister of Construction on detailed guidance for the grant of practicing certificate in construction activities :

 

The Circular specifies in detail the Article 37 and 38 of  the Degree No 12/2009/N§-CP dated 12/02/2009ofthe Government on Construction Investment Project Management, including regulations on the objects of granting practicing certificate  in construction activities (including architect) , competence of granting practicing certificate  in construction activities (including architect practice) , conditions on granting practicing certificate  in construction activities (including architect practice) ; monitoring and punishment etc…

 

Contact points: Ministry of Construction

                          International Cooperation Dept.

                          Tel: 84-4-39760497;

                          Fax: 84-4-39760497

                         Email: icd-moc@fpt.vn

 

-          With regards to foreign entry and discriminatory treatment/MFN:

 

No improvements made

 

Financial services (Banking)

Recent regulations:

 

-          Decree 59/2009/ND-CP dated 16/7/2009 on organization and operations of commercial banks in replacement of Decree 49/2000/ND-CP dated 12/9/2000

-          Decree 95/2008/ND-CP dated 25/8/2008 to amend and supplement Decree 16/2001/ND-CP dated 2/5/2001 on organization and operations of financial leasing company

-          Decision 34/2008/QD-NHNN dated 05/12/2008 to amend and supplement Decision 457/2005/QD-NHNN dated 19/4/2005 on prudential ratios on operations of credit institutions

-          Decision 211/QD-TTg dated 13/2/2009  on the issuance of denominated foreign currency Government  bond in domestic capital market

-          Circular 19/2009/TT-NHNN dated 24/8/2009 on foreign exchange management over transactions of denominated foreign currency Government  bond which issued under Decision 211/QD-TTg dated 13/2/2009

-          Decision 30/2008/QD-NHNN dated 16/10/2008 to amend and supplement Decision 1096/2004/QD-NHNN dated 06/9/2004 on factoring operations of credit institutions.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Financial services (exchange rate)

 

The SBV broadened VND/USD exchange rate trading band from +/-2% to +/-3% on November 6, 2008 and then to+/-5% on March 23, 2009 to make it more flexible.

 

 

 

 

 

Accounting and Insurance Services:

No changes

 

 

Distribution services:

Decree of the Government on the trading of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG);

-          Decree of the Government on petrol and oil trading (in replace of Decree No. 55/2007/ND-CP of the Government dated  April 6, 2007 on petrol and oil trading);

-          Decree of the Government amending and supplementing a number of provisions of Decree No. 02/2003/ND-CP of the Government dated January 14, 2003 on  market development and management;

-          Decree of the Government on the development and state management on wholesale and retail outlets.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Legal consulting services:

N/A

 

 

 

Audio-Visual, entertainment and tourism services:

N/A

 

 

 

 

 

 

Construction and Related Engineering Services:  

 

N/A

 

 

Architectural services:

N/A

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Financial services (Banking)

 

The following regulations are to be issued:

 

-          Law on the State Bank of Vietnam

-          Law on Credit Institutions

-          Circular to guide Decree 59/2009/ND-CP dated 16/7/2009 on organization and operations of commercial banks

-          Decree to amend and supplement Decree 22/2006/ND-CP dated 28/2/2006 on organization and operations of foreign bank branches, joint stock banks,  100% foreign owned banks, representative offices of foreign credit institutions in Vietnam

-          Circular to amend banking license of foreign bank branch and joint-venture bank

-          Circular to guide Decree 95/2008/ND-CP dated 25/8/2008 on amendment and supplement of Decree 16/2001/ND-CP dated 02/5/2001 on organization and operations of financial leasing company

-          Circular to guide Decree 81/2008/ND-CP dated 29/7/2008 on amendment and supplement of Decree 79/2002/ND-CP dated 4/10/2002 on organization and operations of financial company

-          Circular to guide settlement and money transfer for current account transactions and usage of foreign currency in Vietnam

-          Circular to guide foreign exchange management of foreign borrowing and repayment

-          Circular to guide foreign exchange management of foreign investment in Vietnam

-          Circular to regulate foreign currency position of credit institutions licensed to  conduct foreign exchange activities

-          Circular to guide foreign exchange management relating to investment abroad

-          Circular to guide foreign exchange management relating to equity issuance in Vietnam and abroad

Circular on bank’s guarantee

 

 

Financial services (exchange rate):

 

The SBV continues its flexible management of exchange rate according to market signals and appropriate intervention to support foreign exchange market will be implemented if necessary. In addition, the SBV will accelerate the issuance of circulars guiding Decree 160/2006/ND-CP to complete a legal framework to facilitate trade and investment.

 

 

Not yet planned

 

 

Investment

 

 

The Law revises, supplements related to basic infrastructure construction No 38/2009/QH12 dated 13/6/2009 in which revises Article 170 of Enterprise Law, in which prolong from 2 years to 5 years re-registration duration of FDI enterprises  established under Foreign Investment Law in Viet Nam to organise, operate according to 2005 Investment Law and Enterprise Law.

Decree No 29/2008/ND-CP dated14/3/2009 of the Government regulating industrial, processing zones and economic zones (regulations on establishment, operation, policies on state management towards industrial, processing, economic and border economic zones

Circular No 03/2009/T-BKH dated 16/4/2009 of the Ministry of Planning and Investment dated 16/4/2009 guides selection of investors to implement investment projects of land usage.

 

Decree No 56/2009/ND-CP dated 30/6/2009 of the government to assist small and medium enterprises (replacing Decree No 90/2001/ND-CP, removing assistance measures that is not suitable according to our current laws and international commitments).

Circular No 01/2009/TT-BKH dated 13/1/2009 to amend the Circular 03/2006/TT-BKH dated 19/10/2006 guiding some contents in dossier, procedure to register under the regulations of Decree 88/2006/ND-CP dated 29/8/2006 of the Government  on business registration (change templates, dossiers to make it more suitable).

 

 

Developing the revised Decree to amend and supplement some articles of the Decree No 108/2006/ND-CP dated 22/9/2006 of the Government regulating and guiding the implementation in detail some articles of the Investment Law.

Developing the Decree to amend, supplement some articles of Decree No 78/2006/ND-CP dated 9/8/2006 of the Government on overseas investment.

Developing a Decree to amend, supplement some articles of the Decree No 78/2007/ND-CP dated 11/5/2007 of the Government on investment under BOT-BTO-BT contracts. 

 

Standards and Conformance

 

 

Harmonise national standards with international ones in 2010/2020:

 In 2008 – 2009 (August), Viet Nam declared 676 Viet Nam’s Standards (TCVN), in which more than ½ TCVN are developed on the basis of accepting IEC, ISO/IEC, Codex, ASTM...

 

Actively participate in activities of international standard organisations and fulfil membership duties.

 

Viet Nam is a member of ISO, IEC. Currently Viet Nam is P – member of 11 technical  and sub-technical committees, O member of 61 technical  and sub-technical committees of ISO, particularly:

n                   P-member:

  • TC5/SC5- Threaded or plain end butt-welding fittings, threads, gauging of threads
  • TC 5/SC 10 - Metallic flanges and their joints
  • TC 22/SC 22 - Motorcycles
  • TC25/SC1- Mealleble cast iron
  • TC34/SC15- Coffee
  • TC 71/SC 7 - Maintenance and repair of concrete structures
  • TC176/SC1: Quality systems
  • TC 207 - Environmental management
  • TC207/SC1- Environmental management system
  • TC 207/SC 2 - Environmental auditing and related environmental investigations
  • TC 234 - Fisheries and aquaculture

O – member of 61 TCs

 

Participate in multilateral recognition agreement on assessing suitability in prescribed sectors:

Viet Nam has participated in APEC’s Mutual Recognition Arragement:

-          Mutual recognition agreement on assessing the suitability in electricity, eletronic (APEC EE MRA);

-          “Pathfinder Initiative” to participate in mutual recognition arrangement on assessing the suitability in food (APEC Food MRA).

 

Participate in bilateral mutual recognition arrangement to assess the suitability in prescribed areas.

 Up to 2008, Directorate for Standards, Metrology and Quality – STAMEQ (Ministry of Science and Technology) signed 14 Memorandum, Cooperation Agreements with organisations of standards, measurement and quality of countries in the world;

 

Maintain and enforce technical infrastructure

-          Participate in pilot programs of APLAC;

-          Enhance assessment capability of staff of STAMEQ in 63 cities in the country as well as those of Technical Centers in the north, central and south of STAMEQ;

-          Participate, organise regional workshops imder multilateral cooperation programs with PTB, OIML and APLMF;

-          Enhance staff capability of those in charge of legal measurement;

-          Participate in standardising program of APLMF.

 

Identify requests, assistance and specific activities in technical infrastructure development

Request for assistance programs to help train staffs and improve laboratories.

 

Provisions on assisting other members to develop technical infrastructure.

Not carried out.

 

Participate in regional professional organisations

Participate actively in activities of regional professional organisations that Viet Nam is a member:

-          Pacific – Asia Cooperation Organisaiton;

-          Pacific – Asia standards forum (PASC);

-          Pacific Asia Legal Meaasurment Forum;

-          Pacific Asia Measurment Program (APMP);

Pacific Asia Pilot Laboratory Acknowledgement Coopeartion (APLAC).

 

 

Participate in new voluntary harmonising program VAP 2010.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Actively participate in activities of international standard organisations and fulfil membership duties.

Encourage experts and enterprises to actively participate in activities of Technical committees (TCs) and Sub technical committees (SCs) of ISO and iEC;

 

Contribute to comment to international draft standards ISO;

 

Participate in meetings of TCs and SCs

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Viet Nam continues to participate into MRA on assessing the suitability in electricity, electronic of ASEAN (ASEAN EE MRA);

 

 

 

 

 

STAMEQ (Ministry of Science and Technology) sign additional Memorandum, cooperation agreements with standards, quality organisations of other countries in the world.

 

 

No further improvements.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No further improvements

 

 

 

Viet Nam continue to actively participate in these organisations’ activities.

 

 

Customs Procedures

 

 

-          On 8/4/2008, Viet Nam officially joined the revised Kyoto Treaty on simplifying and harmonising customs procedures.

-          In 2007 when Viet Nam joined WTO, we have accelerated activities to develop, improve customs system to meet the demands of modernising customs, implementing international commitments; 

+ Promulgate Decision No 456/QD-BTC dated 14/3/2008 on Plan to reform, develop and modernise customs the period 2008 – 2010;

+ Promulgate Decision 52/QD_BTC dated 22/6/2007 regulating pilot Electronic Customs Procedure (carry out extensively

+ Promulgate legal documents on some areas such as identifying customs values of import-export goods; guiding the implementation of special preferential tariff; fining upon administrative violation and forcing to implement the administrative decision in customs;

-          Customs Reform and Modernisation Committee was established under the Decision 1479/QD-BTC dated 17/4/2007 to instruct and supervise modernisation activities of Viet Nam Customs, meeting new demands and increasing effectiveness of reform and development of Viet Nam Customs in the coming time

-          Reform methods to control Customs from pre to post-check, apply risk management method in some professional tasks. The Customs procedures have been simplified and harmonised basically, hence, transparent and effective.

-          Develop and upgrade many Information Technology softwares which help carrying out the revised Law that supplements some articles of Customs Law and the revised Import-Export Law; equip with machines, information technology, web infrastructure. 

-          Change the Goods list from HS2002 version to HS 2007.

-          Implement 1 check at Lao Bao – Den sa van border. Now negotiating to sign and implement 1 check with Cambodia and China Customs.

 

 

-          In the coming time, Viet Nam Customs will come to improve its legal system to ensure simplicity, transparency, easy access, easy to implement, aiming to 3 main targets: implement international commitments (especially suitable to standards of the revised Kyoto Treaty); continue to modernise the sector and reform administrative procedures.

-           Deploy Reform Plan, developing and modernising Customs the period 2008 – 2010 under the Decision 456/QD-BTC dated 14/3/2008. 

-          Continue to carry out pilot E-Customs procedure to assess and extend.

-          Coordinate with Ministries to make plans and implement E-National Single Window.

-          Improve the legal system and promulgating circulars to guide and invest into infrastructure, human resource to supervise E-C/O and other related e-transactions.

It is planned to promulgate control procedure, tax fixing, debt removal, tax debt delay, suitable to regulations of Tax management Law No 78/2006/QH11 dated 29/11/2006.

 

Intellectual Property Rights

 

 

-          Vietnam has promulgated following legal documents on intellectual property rights (IPRs) in order to conform to WTO requirements as follows:

Ø   Law No. 36/2009/QH12 dated June 19, 2009 amending and supplementing a number of provisions of the IP Law. This Law shall come into effect from January 01, 2010;

Ø   Law No. 37/2009/QH12 dated June 19, 2009 amending and supplementing a number of provisions of the Criminal Code. This Law shall come into effect from January 01, 2010;

Ø   Circular No. 22/2009/TT-BTC dated February 04, 2009 of the Ministry of Finance regulating the collection, payment, management and use of industrial property fees and charges.

-          The project “Utilization of IP Information in Vietnam“ sponsored by the Government of Japan was effectively implemented and brought about initial achievements, such as: putting into operation the system of IP Digital Library (IP Lib); finalizing the search system of industrial property subject-matters and the offline e-filing system;

-          In order to ensure effective IPRs enforcement, the Government has promulgated the following legal documents:

Ø   Directive No. 28/2008/CT-TTg dated September 8, 2008 of the Prime Minister on a number of urgent measures against counterfeit and poor-quality goods;

Ø   Directive No. 36/2008/CT-TTg dated December 31, 2008 of the Prime Minister on strengthening the management and implementation
of copyright and related rights protection;

Ø   Decree No. 47/2009/ND-CP dated May 13, 2009 of the Government on administrative sanctions for violations of copyright and related rights;

Ø   Law No. 37/2009/QH12 dated June 19, 2009 amending and supplementing a number of provisions of the Criminal Code. This Law shall come into effect from January 01, 2010.

-          Vietnam continued to intensify and implement a number of activities related to IP training/education and building, enhancing the capacity for State agencies and enterprises as well as to enhance the outreaching activities aiming at improving the awareness of general public on IPR. 

-          In order to provide good conditions for assessment activities carried out by the Vietnam Intellectual Property Research Institute, the Minister of Science and Technology issued Circular No. 04/2009/TT-BKHCN of March 27, 2009 amending and supplementing Circular No. 01/2008/TT-BKHCN of 25 February 2008 of the Ministry guiding the granting, revoking of certificates of industrial property assessor, certificates of organizations having full conditions to do industrial property examination

 

 

Improving legal documents guiding the implementation of the amended and supplemented IP Law;

-          Promulgating a Decree of the Government on Business Registration (replace of Decree No. 88/2006/ND-CP dated August 29, 2008 of the Government on Business Registration) containing provisions on giving names to enterprises avoiding industrial property right infringement;

-          Promulgating a Joint Circular of Ministries of Culture, Sport and Tourism, Planning and Investment, and Finance on Supporting Policy on Copyright;

-          Promulgating a Project on Support the Copyright Purchase in Publishing and Software Buying of Government bodies.

 

 

Competition Policy

 

 

-

 

-

 

Government Procurement

 

 

-          Law 38/2009/QH12 on Amendments and Supplements of Laws Related to Construction and Capital Investment

-          Circular No.03/2009/TT-BKH guiding selection of Investors for land use rights include projects.

-          Circular No 02/ 2009/TT-BKH on February 17 regulating bidding processes

 

 

N/A

 

Deregulation/Regulatory Review

 

 

-

 

-

 

Implementation of WTO Obligations/ROOs

 

 

No improvements made

 

N/A

 

Dispute Mediation

 

 

No improvements made

 

N/A

 
Mobility of Business People

 

 

No improvements made

 

-          Vietnam is building Project on Law on Entry, Exit and Residence of foreigners in Vietnam;

-          Vietnam is building Project on Biometric Passport.

 

 

Information Gathering and Analysis

 

 

-

 

-

 

APEC Food System

 

 

-

 

-

 

Transparency

 

 

Note 5

 

Note 5

 

 

RTAs/FTAs  Note 5

 

 

- Description of current

  agreements

 

 

-          ATIGA-ASEAN Trade in Goods Agreement): signed 26/2/2009 and be about to take effects.

-          VJEPA-Viet Nam-Japan Economic Partnership Agreement: signed 25/12/2008 and took effect since 1/10/2009.

-          AANZFTA-ASEAN-Agreement to Establish Australia-New Zealand Free Trade Area including the Framework Agreement, Annex on Committed Tariff: signed 27/2/2009 and will take effect from 1/1/2010.

-          ACIA-ASEAN Comprehensive Investment Agreement: signed on 26/2/2009 and be about to take effect.

-          Protocol to Amend the Framework Agreement on Comprehensive Economic Cooperation between the Association of Southeast Asian Nations and the Republic of India: signed on 16/8/2009 and be about to take effect.

-          Agreement on Dispute Settlement Mechanism under the Framework Agreement on Comprehensive Economic Cooperation between the Association of Southeast Asian Nations and the Republic of India: signed on 16/8/2009 and be about to take effect.

 

 

 

- Agreements under negotiation

 

 

1. Viet Nam and Chile FTA:

 

The two parties have carried out 4 negotiation rounds of the FTA including areas such as trade in goods (cut the tariff, remove quantity restriction measures, rules of origins, customs procedures, TBT, SPS), trade defense measures, dispute settlement, Intellectual Property rights protection. The coming rounds are slated for the end of 2009 or early 2010.

 

2. FTA Viet Nam – Switzerland

 

3. ASEAN – India Investment Agreement

 

4.  ASEAN – India Trade – Service Agreement

 

 

 

 

 

Agreement #1

 

 

-

 

 

- Future plans

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Additional information Note 6  

-

 

 

 


 

Notes

 

1.   Economies are encouraged to use the sub-chapter and section headings from the full IAP template as guidance for the appropriate level of detailed information to be submitted in the Update. 

2.   Economies should describe significant new developments under each chapter heading. The information provided should be succinct but sufficient for the reader to understand the outline of the measure being described. Wherever possible all entries should include a reference point (website, document, contact address etc) where further information can be obtained.

3.   The IAP Update should provide information necessary to bring the most recent full IAP up to date. 

4.   If there is no significant change to the information provided in the most recent IAP, “As in [year] IAP” should be entered.

5.  Economies will submit IAP chapters on transparency and RTAs/FTAs for the first time in 2005.  These chapters will remain the base document for the Update until the economy submits its next full IAP.  As a transitional measure, economies will also submit a report in 2005 on Area-specific Transparency Implementation using an agreed format.

6.   Economies may use the Additional Information section to describe any material not captured in the template.