Governments wishing to toughen immigration laws often invoke the notion of “air appeal” to justify their policies. For a better view about it and for your place in it you can take the help of the immigration solicitors london .
What is the vision of the notion?
The notion of a call for air is based on the idea that a generous reception policy has a pull effect on migrants – a speech generally accompanied by the idea that they are too numerous. But what is this “too much”? The European have a rather distorted view of migration: they place the share of foreigners living in Europe at 30%, while it is around 10%.
The image of the call for air also suggests that migration is one-way whereas this representation is false, ten years after their arrival, 30% to 50% of migrants have already left and, According to INSEE, the volume of departures from the country tripled between 2006 and 2013, which led to a significant decrease in net migration. Finally, the notion of air appeal suggests that migrants are irresistibly attracted to Europe, which, again, is not true, the Hexagon is not a destination of choice in Europe, as saw it during the migrant crisis of 2015. The camps that are perpetuated around Calais are also populated by people who want to go to the United Kingdom.
The notion of air demand is based on the idea that migrants choose their country of destination by comparing their migration policies. Is that the case?
Migration policies are only one explanatory factor among others: the economic context of the country and the individual and social characteristics of migrants must also be taken into account. At the individual level, there is a very strong selection: migrants arriving in Europe are the most favored people of their country of origin, the others cannot afford to go far.
It is for this reason that the vast majority of refugees settle in neighboring countries, Syrians are incomparably more numerous in Turkey, Jordan and Lebanon than in Europe. The social environment also matters a lot: migrants move more to countries where they know someone – this network allows them to have access to prior information on immigration conditions and to facilitate their integration.
We sometimes hear that the reception of asylum seekers represents a significant cost for the host countries, but over the period we observe (1985-2015), we do not find any statistical evidence that would indicate deterioration in the economic conditions of the countries in Western Europe, whether in terms of standard of living, unemployment or the balance of public finances. After a few years, there may be a positive, rather weak effect, which is explained by the fact that asylum seekers who are allowed to remain in the long term will contribute, by working, to the country’s economy.
What method did you use for this study?
This is a methodology commonly used in macroeconomics to assess the effects of rising public spending. This is what we call in the jargon the “Keynesian multiplier”, which quantifies the effect of a rise in public spending on GDP. The originality of our paper is to use this method to analyze the effects of rising migration flows on macroeconomic aggregates and public finances. It is this last point that had never been practiced before.