In general, this psychiatrist refers to psychoanalysis or is a psychoanalyst. It may also be a “psychoanalytic psychologist”, a “psychologist-psychoanalyst” or a “psychiatrist-psychoanalyst”. He practices what we call “therapies of analytical inspiration” or “analytical orientation”, or even just psychoanalysis. The psicologo catania will help you with it.
If you want to start psychoanalysis or an “analysis”, (it’s the same thing) know that many psychoanalysts, psychologists and psychiatrists today consider that psychoanalysis is not psychotherapy.
Indeed, its objective is not the treatment of symptoms or psychological difficulties, but the updating of unconscious conflicts, the improvement of symptoms or problems being considered as a possible benefit.
The shrink “forward”, centered on the problem (the symptom)
There, we are rather on the side of the German Shepherd. Volunteer and active, he respects and enforces instructions. This professional (usually a psychologist or psychiatrist) puts himself in position “expert”, with solutions to offer you.
It is part of a dialogue with you but remains directive. At first, he is in a process of “investigation”, assessment of the problem. He often uses questionnaires or evaluation grids. The evaluation of the problem will probably conclude with a diagnosis in terms of “psychic disorders”.
Indeed, most psychiatrists of this orientation refer to the diagnostic manual of American psychiatry DSM-5.
The German Shepherd of Psychologists, the one who does cognitive-behavioral therapies
Once the diagnosis is made, you define together specific goals to achieve in the context of psychotherapy. You are then offered exercises to do to get there. This type of psychiatrist is, in fact, much more likely to answer questions and give advice than those mentioned above. This type of psychotherapy is what comes closest to a “medical” approach.
What is the underlying logic?
Modify your behaviors and your representations related to the “problem”.
In fact, his approach aims to learn new ways of doing things and to be from exercises, which are in most cases preconceived. In this type of therapy, the emphasis is on self-observation in ” problem situations” and action.
In general, this type of professional practice is called Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies (CBT). This is also the standard of the majority of psychiatrists. This is known as a cognitive-behavioral psychiatrist or a cognitive-behavioral psychologist.
The psychic centered on “relations” (interactions)
Because he is alert, smart and interacts in a fine way, to meet the needs of his “master”. He is able to clown or surprise you. In fact, this professional (often psychotherapist or psychologist) adopts a dynamic active listening posture.
To accompany you, he establishes a sustained and dynamic dialogue whose goal is first to “co-build” with you an understanding of the problem. But this understanding does not rely on diagnostic categories, so as not to freeze the situation.
- In a second time, this shrink aims to make you aware of how you interact with yourself and others. He then intervenes with questions, particular attitudes or affirmations.
- These interventions are actually about “provoking change” in your way of interacting and seeing things.
- For this, he helps you to make new experiences and/or to access a new vision of the situation.
Why do this?
Just because we know today that making new concrete experiences is a powerful way to evolve. For that, it is likely to intervene in a “surprising” way to “move the lines”, but always in respect and non-judgment.